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Cat Nutrition 101: What To Know About What To Feed Your Cats

Cat Nutrition

Cat nutrition isn’t just about making sure your cat is full, it’s about making sure they’re happy and healthy. With a balanced and appropriate cat diet, you can ensure your feline friend has a long, vibrant life ahead of them. 

The right nutrients support strong bones, a healthy coat, a robust immune system, and optimal weight management. By investing time in understanding cat nutrition, you’re investing in the longevity and vitality of your feline friend.


If you are new to having a cat or kitten, the idea of cat nutrition might seem a little fuzzy right now. From what kinds of cat food to feed your cat to how to read an ingredient list, there’s a lot to take in all at once.


Drawing on our decades of experience at Catonsville Cat Clinic, we’re here to help make cat nutrition simpler for you. Read on for our breakdown of cat nutrition essentials like types of cat food, nutrition requirements for cats and kittens, and how a feline veterinarian can help you adjust your cat’s diet as they age.

Understanding the Main Types of Cat Food

When it comes to cat food, options abound. Dry food, wet food, and even raw food diets all have their place. 

Dry Cat Food

Dry cat food, often referred to as kibble, is a convenient choice for many cat owners. It’s easy to store, has a longer shelf life, and can be left out for your cat to graze on throughout the day. T


The crunchiness of kibble can also help maintain dental health by reducing plaque buildup. However, it’s essential to ensure your cat drinks enough water, as dry food contains less moisture than other options. 


Additionally, some cats may be more prone to overeating with dry food, leading to potential weight concerns.

Wet Cat Food

Wet cat food comes in cans or pouches and has a higher moisture content compared to dry food. 


This increased moisture can be particularly beneficial for maintaining your cat’s hydration and supporting urinary tract health. The texture of wet food is often more appealing to cats, making it an excellent choice for picky eaters or cats with dental issues. 


Keep in mind that wet food can be more expensive per serving than dry food, and any uneaten portions should be promptly refrigerated.

Raw Cat Food

A less common but increasingly popular option is a raw food diet for cats. This diet attempts to replicate a cat’s natural diet in the wild, consisting of raw meat, bones, and organs. 


Advocates claim that it can improve coat quality, digestion, and overall vitality. However, it’s important to consult your veterinarian before transitioning to a raw diet, as it requires careful preparation to ensure proper nutrition and to minimize the risk of bacterial contamination. 


Raw diets can also be time-consuming and potentially more expensive than other feeding methods.


Each type of cat food has its advantages and considerations, and the best choice depends on your cat’s specific needs, preferences, and your lifestyle

How to Read an Ingredient List for Cat Food

Deciphering cat food labels can be tricky, but armed with knowledge, you can make wise decisions. Here are some key points to consider when evaluating cat food ingredient lists:


  • Named protein sources – Look for real protein sources like “chicken,” “turkey,” or “salmon.” These are excellent as they provide the essential amino acids your cat needs for muscle growth and maintenance. Plus, cats are carnivores, so it’s important, too, that their protein sources include meat.
  • Limited fillers – Ingredients like grains (corn, wheat, soy) are often used as fillers. Cats don’t require these in their diet, though a small amount might be acceptable. However, high quantities can contribute to obesity and digestive issues. 
  • Avoid artificial additives – Artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives have no nutritional value and may even be harmful. Opt for foods with natural ingredients. 
  • Essential fatty acids – Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are vital for a healthy coat and skin. Look for ingredients like fish oil or flaxseed to ensure your cat gets these essential nutrients. 
  • Avoid meat by-products – While not all by-products are bad, it’s best to choose foods that specify the type of meat, like “chicken by-product,” rather than generic sources. 
  • Check for taurine – Taurine is an amino acid crucial for cats’ heart and eye health. Ensure it’s included in the ingredient list, as cats can’t produce enough on their own.
  • Moisture content – While not listed on the ingredient list, it’s good to consider the moisture content of the food. Wet cat food naturally contains more moisture, aiding in hydration. 

Specific Nutrition Requirements for Kittens

Kittens have distinct nutritional needs during their rapid growth and development stages. Here are key factors to consider when feeding your young feline friend, and how these needs differ from those of adult cats:


  • Kitten food formulas – Opt for kitten-specific formulas that are specially formulated to meet the higher energy and nutrient requirements of growing kittens. These formulas usually contain more protein, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Increased protein – Kittens require a higher amount of protein for muscle and tissue development. Ensure their food has a higher protein content compared to adult cat food.
  • Caloric intake – Kittens need more calories per pound of body weight than adult cats. This helps support their rapid growth and active play.
  • Canned food – Consider incorporating canned kitten food into their diet. Canned food contains higher moisture levels, which helps keep kittens well-hydrated and supports their developing urinary systems.


As your kittens mature into adult cats, you can gradually transition them to an appropriate adult cat diet. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian for guidance.

Nutrition Requirements for Cats

Cats have distinct nutritional needs that differ from those of other animals, including their younger selves. Here’s an overview of what your feline friend requires to thrive:


  • High protein intake – Cats need a diet rich in animal-based protein to maintain lean muscle mass, support metabolic functions, and fulfill their carnivorous nature.
  • Essential amino acids – Cats require specific amino acids like taurine and arginine. These are vital for heart health, proper digestion, and overall well-being.
  • Fats and fatty acids – Healthy fats provide energy and support skin health. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, found in fish and certain oils, contribute to a glossy coat.
  • Limited carbohydrates – While some carbohydrates are acceptable, cats don’t need them in large amounts. A diet too high in carbs can lead to obesity and diabetes.
  • Hydration – Cats often have a lower thirst drive, so it’s essential to ensure they receive sufficient moisture in their diet. Wet cat food can help meet this need.
  • Vitamins and minerals – A balanced mix of vitamins and minerals, including calcium and phosphorus, is necessary for various bodily functions.


While this adult cat diet may stay fairly constant during their younger years, you’ll also want to check in with your veterinarian about adjusting it as they grow older. 


Depending on your cat’s age and body type, you’ll likely need to adjust the ratio of protein in their diet as they become senior cats.

Learn About Cat Nutrition From Catonsville Cat Clinic

While these guidelines offer a great starting point, every cat is unique. A feline veterinarian’s expertise is invaluable in tailoring a nutrition plan to your cat’s age, health status, and individual preferences. 


Regular check-ups allow for adjustments to diet as needed, ensuring your cat receives optimal nutrition throughout their life stages.


At Catonsville Cat Clinic, our passion for feline well-being drives us to provide complete and compassionate care for your furry family members. Contact us today to schedule your cat’s next appointment.

This entry was posted on Friday, September 29th, 2023 at 2:05 pm. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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